java heap


In Java, the heap is a portion of the memory that is used for dynamic memory allocation. It is managed by the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), and it is used to store objects and other dynamically-allocated data.

The heap is divided into two regions: the young generation and the old generation. The young generation is further divided into three regions: the Eden space, the survivor space, and the tenured generation.

  • The Eden space is where newly-created objects are initially stored.
  • The survivor space is where objects that have survived a garbage collection in the Eden space are moved to.
  • The tenured generation is where long-lived objects that have survived multiple garbage collections in the survivor space are moved to.

The JVM uses a garbage collector to reclaim the memory used by objects that are no longer needed by the program. The garbage collector periodically scans the heap and identifies objects that are no longer reachable from any part of the program. These objects are then marked for garbage collection and their memory is reclaimed.

The garbage collector is responsible for managing the memory used by the heap, and it can be triggered to run at any time. However, the garbage collector is not guaranteed to run at any specific time or frequency, and it is not possible to predict exactly when it will run.

It is important to note that the heap is a shared resource, and all threads in a Java program have access to it. Therefore, it is important to design your Java program in such a way that it does not consume excessive amounts of memory or cause the garbage collector to run too frequently, as this can negatively impact the performance of the program.