ReactJS State Management


In React, state is a way to store data that changes over time in a component. State allows you to manage the data and behavior of a component, and can be used to control the rendering of the component’s UI (user interface).

To define and manage state in a React component, you can use the state property of a class component. The state property is an object that contains the data and values that you want to store in the component.

Here is an example of how you might use state in a React component:

import React from 'react';

class Counter extends React.Component {
    state = {count: 0};

    handleIncrement = () => {
        this.setState({count: this.state.count + 1});

    handleDecrement = () => {
        this.setState({count: this.state.count - 1});

    render() {
        return (
                <button onClick={this.handleIncrement}>Increment</button>
                <button onClick={this.handleDecrement}>Decrement</button>

export default Counter;

In this example, the Counter component has a state property with a count field that stores the current count. The component also has two event handlers, handleIncrement and handleDecrement, that update the count by calling the setState method. The setState method takes an object with the changes you want to make to the state, and updates the state and re-renders the component with the new state.

You can use state to store any data that changes over time in a component, such as form values, loading status, or user input. You should avoid using state for data that does not change within the component, or that can be derived from props or other state values.